Bluegill Fish Information
(Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish sometimes referred to as bream, brim, or copper nose. It is a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae of the order Perciformes. They mostly feed on small aquatic insects and fish.
Bluegill fishing is very popular because the fish bite year and fishing for bluegill with young children can be an excellent way of getting kids hooked on the fishing sport.
The Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) is a species of freshwater fish and one of the most common in North American.
The bluegill is a small freshwater fish normally measuring around 6 inches, but can get up to 12 inches. These fish typically weigh less than a pound. The fish's body is dark green in color and oval shaped with dark bars running vertically down their sides. Behind their eyes is a black ear flap. The belly of a female bluegill is yellow, while the belly of a breeding male is a rusty red color. The bluegill has two dorsal fins and a small mouth. The body of the bluegill is very condensed.
Spawning Seasons Of The Blue Gill
- Spawning season begins in late May and doesn't end until August. The male bluegills first arrive at the mating site and then make a spawning bed in shallow water. As the female bluegill approaches the nest, the male will circle around and make grunting noises. The females are more attracted to the larger male fish. After the female bluegill chooses her mate, she joins him in the nest and they both circle each other.
- The breeding males are most colorful fish of all bluegill
- In some states, bluegills are used as bait fish, typically for cat-fishing.
- Bluegills are also called sunfish, bream, or copper nose.
- A female bluegill can lay between 10,000 and 60,000 eggs.
- Young bluegill feed on microscopic animals.
- Bluegills are often found in schools of 10-20.
- Bluegills are very good swimmers and have the ability to change directions very quickly.
- The world record bluegill was 4 pounds, 12 ounces. It was caught in the year 1950.
- The bluegill is native to eastern North American, but is now found all throughout the country. They inhabit almost every pond, lake and other bodies of quiet water in the United States. They prefer shallow water with vegetation and fallen limbs and logs for protection.
What Do Bluegills Eat?
- Bluegills are not picky when it comes to food. In the wild they feed on insects, zoo-plankton, worms, and small fish. They will eat almost any human food scraps thrown into the water, such as bread, corn and crackers.
Bluegill Fishing Tips
- Feeding habits depend on a variety of different factors such as weather, season, and time of day.
- Bluegills bite year-round.
- Bluegills are one of the easiest fish to catch.
- Although they are small, a bluegill will put up a fight when you are reeling it in.
- The most common bait for bluegills is worms. However, they will bite nearly anything including balled up pieces of bread, minnows, small jigs, insects and bugs.
- Remember to use a very small hook because the bluegills mouth is not very large.