Crappie Fish Information
are a genus, Pomoxis, of North American Fresh water fish in the sunfish family Centrarchidae. Both species in this genus are popular pan fish.
The name crappie can refer to either the white crappie, which is lighter in color with vertical black stripes, or the black crappie, which is darker with a pattern of block spots. Both species are similar in size, shape, and habits.
The average crappie weighs between 1/2 and 1 pound and measures 5-12 inches, though they are capable of growing much larger. Crappie are very social fish and form schools to live in.
Crappie spawn between May and June. During this time, the male fish will make an indented nest on the floor of shallow water. The female will then lay between 5,000 and 60,000 eggs. The eggs take approximately 2-5 days to hatch. Crappie are fertile breeders and will over-poluate small bodies of water very quickly if the population is not controlled.
- Crappie are less active during the day; they feed mostly at dawn and dusk.
- The Crappie is also known as the strawberry bass, speckled bass or specks, calico bass, paper-mouth, and sauc-au-lait (translation " bag of milk").
- The largest crappie ever caught weighed 6 pounds.
- Ideal spawning temperatures are in the low 60's.
- During spawning season, crappie and their nests will be in water approximately 1-5 feet deep.
- Crappie have pure, flaky, white flesh that has earned them the reputation among anglers as the finest tasting freshwater fish.
- Crappie occupy bodies of freshwater in which there are plenty of underwater brush, rocks, and weeds to live in. During the summer they live in deeper water, while in the spring they occupy shallower water.
Feeding Habits Of The Crappie
- Crappie have diverse diets. They primarily feed on smaller species of fish, including the young of their predators (like the Walleye and Northern Pike). Crappie also eat insects, crustaceans, and zooplankton.
Crappie Fishing Tips
- Due to their diverse diet, sportsmen have many options when it comes to catching crappie.
- The best lures to use for crappie are small jigs.
- If using live bait, make sure the hook is correct size. If it is too small, the fish will get off of it. If it is too large, the fish will not be able to bite it.
- One of the best baits to fish with is live minnows.